Home Turkey Türkiye pays tribute on the 85th anniversary of Atatürk’s passing

Türkiye pays tribute on the 85th anniversary of Atatürk’s passing

Türkiye pays tribute on the 85th anniversary of Atatürk’s passing

No power can hinder the rise of the nation and the development of the “Century of Türkiye,” the nation’s president mentioned Friday, marking the eighty fifth anniversary of the passing of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founding father of the Republic of Türkiye.

“On the 85th anniversary of your passing, dear Atatürk, once again, we remember with reverence your esteemed personality, your comrades in arms, the heroic martyrs who fell for our nation, and the veterans who shed their blood for the same ideals,” President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan wrote within the memorial e-book of Anıtkabir, Atatürk’s mausoleum within the capital Ankara.

“As we leave behind the first century (of the republic) with great pride and embark on the second century with the vision of the ‘Century of Türkiye,’ we are working with passion today, just as we have been for the past 21 years, to make our republic everlasting and victorious,” he mentioned, referring to the 21 years of the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) rule.

He added that they proceed to raise the Republic of Türkiye, which is the hope of the oppressed, the help for the orphaned and the delight of its residents, in each space.

“Bless your soul,” he wrote.

Before leaving his written message, Erdoğan positioned a wreath on the mausoleum and joined in a second of silence for the late chief earlier than participating within the Turkish nationwide anthem together with a distinguished delegation.

During the second of silence, the Turkish flag was lowered to half-staff.

Communications Director Fahrettin Altun additionally shared a message on X, previously often known as Twitter, to mark the eighty fifth anniversary of the passing of Atatürk: “On the 85th anniversary of the passing of the commander-in-chief of the national struggle, the founder of our republic, Gazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, I remember him with mercy and gratitude. I express my gratitude for all our heroes who made these lands our homeland.”

People visit the room where Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died at Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, Türkiye, Nov. 10, 2022. (AA Photo)

People go to the room the place Mustafa Kemal Atatürk died at Dolmabahçe Palace, Istanbul, Türkiye, Nov. 10, 2022. (AA Photo)

Foreign Minister Hakan Fidan additionally “respectfully” commemorated Atatürk on the eighty fifth anniversary of his demise.

“I reiterate our determination to strengthen our country’s sovereignty and independence through our national foreign policy. I remember with mercy and gratitude all the heroes of our war of liberation, especially Gazi Mustafa Kemal,” he mentioned on X.

As is customary each Nov. 10 in Türkiye, every day life stopped at 9.05 a.m. native time, with sirens wailing to mark the precise second of Atatürk’s demise at age 57, and thousands and thousands of individuals throughout the nation noticed two minutes of silence.

A brief biography

Born in 1881 in Thessaloniki, Mustafa Kemal, as he was identified earlier than he was given the distinctive surname that interprets as “Father of Turks,” died of cirrhosis, 15 years after the muse of the republic. He began an excellent army profession within the early twentieth century and served on a number of fronts through the Ottoman Empire’s eventful final years, from Libya to the Balkans. While serving in Sofia as a army attache after years on the battlefield, he sought reassignment to fieldwork. In 1915, he was appointed as a division commander and proved his army mettle as a commander throughout World War I. He was nicknamed the “Hero of Anafartalar” after a decisive battle on the western entrance, in Gallipoli. This feat later introduced him wider recognition as a talented commander and a trusted determine as he sought to rally the nation for independence within the aftermath of World War I. It was additionally his first brush with demise, when a bit of shrapnel hit him within the chest, solely to be stopped by a pocket watch he saved in his pocket.

His subsequent mission was on the jap entrance in 1916, the place he managed to cease the Russian incursion and reclaimed the jap provinces Bitlis and Muş from invading forces, a feat that helped his promotion to the rank of common. In the following two years, he served in Palestine and Syria as commander of the Seventh Army. After the warfare ended, he returned to Istanbul, the then capital of the Ottoman Empire. His return was at a time of invading forces’ occupation of Istanbul, the place he labored secretly to arrange a nationwide resistance. He discovered a possibility to serve this goal when he left town as an “army inspector” underneath the guise of inspecting Ottoman troops scattered throughout the nation. His arrival within the northern province of Samsun on May 19, 1919, is right now considered as step one towards independence in post-war Türkiye. Once he drummed up the help of fellow commanders and the general public throughout his travels throughout Anatolia, Atatürk began organizing a proper opposition to invading Allied forces, by conventions in jap and central Turkish cities. Conventions and congresses paved the best way for the muse of a brief authorities unbiased of the seat of the Ottoman Empire, then in its demise throes and a brand new Parliament strictly opposing any international mandate. In 1920, he spearheaded the muse of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (TBMM) and was elected as its president, in addition to head of interim authorities.

Under his management, a ragtag military, with broad public help, was shaped and confirmed the world {that a} new nation was rising among the many ashes of the Ottoman Empire. Victories in central and western Türkiye towards invading Greek forces in defensive battles in 1921 cemented belief in Atatürk and shortly, he was granted the rank of Marshal. In 1922, the military launched the Great Offensive, the primary counterattack towards invaders. Months after a decisive victory towards the Greek military, a cease-fire settlement was signed with Allied forces, paving the best way for his or her withdrawal from Turkish territories. The Lausanne Treaty signed in 1923 formally marked the tip of the battle between invading forces and Türkiye. A couple of months after it was signed, Atatürk pronounced the formation of the Republic of Türkiye and he was elected as its first president. He remained on this publish till his demise, being elected successive 4 instances to the presidency.

After the muse of the republic, Atatürk devoted his life to the reconstruction of a war-torn nation, which was additionally examined by a world financial disaster, whereas establishing ties with the worldwide neighborhood Türkiye as soon as fought. His diplomatic and financial efforts made Türkiye an rising nation with a say in worldwide affairs. On the home entrance, Atatürk is credited with revolutionary modifications, together with a change to a brand new alphabet, a brand new schooling system and financial reforms.

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